SQL DATE Format

In this article, we will show you, How to perform DATE Format or formatting SQL Server Date and Time with an example.

Convert SQL DATE Format Example

Before we go toward the practical SQL Date format example, let me explain to you the available list of Convert date format. For this demonstration, we are going to write different SQL Date format Queries using CONVERT, and FORMAT function. The CONVERT function provides different styles to format date and time.

Without Century (yy)With Century (yyyy)Input/OutputStandard
0 to 100mon dd yyyy hh:miAM (or PM)This is the Default for both datetime, and smalldatetime
11011 = mm/dd/yy
101 = mm/dd/yyyy
U.S.
21022 = yy.mm.dd
102 = yyyy.mm.dd
ANSI
31033 = dd/mm/yy
103 = dd/mm/yyyy
British/French
41044 = dd.mm.yy
104 = dd.mm.yyyy
German
51055 = dd-mm-yy
105 = dd-mm-yyyy
Italian
61066 = dd mon yy
106 = dd mon yyyy
71077 = Mon dd, yy
107 = Mon dd, yyyy
8108hh:mi:ss
9 or 109mon dd yyyy hh:mi:ss:mmmmAM (or PM)Default + milliseconds
1011010 = mm-dd-yy
110 = mm-dd-yyyy
USA
1111111 = yy/mm/dd
111 = yyyy/mm/dd
JAPAN
1211212 = yymmdd
112 = yyyymmdd
ISO
13 or 113dd mon yyyy hh:mi:ss:mmm(24h)Europe Default + millisecond
14114hh:mi:ss:mmm(24h)
20 or 120yyyy-mm-dd hh:mi:ss(24h)ODBC canonical
21 or 121yyyy-mm-dd hh:mi:ss.mmm(24h)ODBC canonical with milliseconds. This is the Default for time, date, datetime2, and datetimeoffset
126yyyy-mm-ddThh:mi:ss.mmm (no Spaces)ISO8601
127yyyy-mm-ddThh:mi:ss.mmmZ (no Spaces)ISO8601 with time zone Z
130dd mon yyyy hh:mi:ss:mmmAMHijri
131dd/mm/yyyy hh:mi:ss:mmmAMHijri

SQL Convert DATE Format Example

In this SQL example we are going to use the CONVERT function on GETDATE() to return the date in different formats.

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE()) AS 'Result 1';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 0) AS 'Result 2';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 100) AS 'Result 3';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 1) AS 'Result 4';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 101) AS 'Result 5';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 2) AS 'Result 6';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 102) AS 'Result 7';
SQL DATE Format 1

Convert SQL DATE Format Example 2

This example query covers few more of the Convert function

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 3) AS 'Result 8';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 103) AS 'Result 9';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 4) AS 'Result 10';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 104) AS 'Result 11';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 5) AS 'Result 12';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 105) AS 'Result 13';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 6) AS 'Result 14';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 106) AS 'Result 15';
SQL DATE Format 2

In this example query, we are showing few other date formats in Convert function are

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 7) AS 'Result 16';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 107) AS 'Result 17';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 8) AS 'Result 18';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 108) AS 'Result 19';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 9) AS 'Result 20';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 109) AS 'Result 21';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 10) AS 'Result 22';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 110) AS 'Result 23';
SQL DATE Format 3

Some other convert date formats in SQL Server

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 11) AS 'Result 24';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 111) AS 'Result 25';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 12) AS 'Result 26';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 112) AS 'Result 27';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 113) AS 'Result 28';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 14) AS 'Result 29';
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 114) AS 'Result 30';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 20) AS 'Result 31';
SQL DATE Format 4

The following are the list of remaining options available in convert function for date format.

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(35), GETDATE(), 21) AS 'Result 32';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(35), GETDATE(), 126) AS 'Result 33';

SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(35), GETDATE(), 127) AS 'Result 34';

SELECT CONVERT(NVARCHAR(35), GETDATE(), 130) AS 'Result 35';

SELECT CONVERT(NVARCHAR(35), GETDATE(), 131) AS 'Result 36';
SQL DATE Format using convert 5

SQL Date Format Function

In this Date format example, we are going to use the FORMAT function on GETDATE() to return the date in different formats. I suggest you refer the Standard Date and Time Strings to understand the string formats that we used in this example.

SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'd', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 1'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'D', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 2'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'f', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 3'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'F', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 4'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'g', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 5'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'G', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 6'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'm', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 7'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'M', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 8'
SQL DATE Format 6

The following are the list of remaining variations that are available in format function for date format.

SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'O', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 9'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'R', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 10'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 's', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 11'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'S', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 12'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 't', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 13'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'T', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 14'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'u', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 15'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'U', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 16'
SELECT FORMAT(GETDATE(), 'Y', 'en-US' ) AS 'Result 17'
SQL DATE Format 7

Using Datetime Functions

Here, we are going to use the DATETIME functions that are available to format date and time in SQL Server to return the date in different formats.

SELECT DATEFROMPARTS(2017, 06, 14) AS 'Result 1';

SELECT DATETIMEFROMPARTS(2017, 06, 14, 11, 57, 53, 847) AS 'Result 3';

SELECT EOMONTH('20170614') AS 'Result 3';
SQL DATE Format 8

Using Conversion Functions

In this example, we are going to use the Sql Server Conversion Functions to format the datetime. And the Conversation functions are PARSE, TRY_PARSE, CONVERT, and TRY_CONVERT. We use these functions on different dates to return the same in different variations.

SELECT PARSE('Wednesday, June 14, 2017' AS DATETIME USING 'en-US') AS 'Result4'; 

SELECT TRY_PARSE('Wednesday, June 14, 2017' AS DATETIME USING 'en-US') AS 'Result5'; 

SELECT CONVERT(DATETIME2, SYSDATETIME()) AS 'Result6'; 

SELECT TRY_CONVERT(DATETIME2, '6/14/2017 11:57:53 AM') AS 'Result7';
SQL DATE Format 9