SQL DELETE Statement

This SQL Delete Statement deletes one or more existing records from a table or a view. The syntax of the SQL Server delete statement is

DELETE FROM [Table_Name] 
WHERE Condition

Condition: Provide the filters or conditions. If the condition is TRUE, then only the SQL Server Statement will delete the records. We use this table to perform the different operation types of delete is

Table 1

SQL Server Delete Single record

We are going to delete a single record from the Table. For this, we are using the Where Clause to restrict this SQL Server delete Statement to eliminate a single record. If you omit the where clause, it will delete all rows in a table.

  WHERE [EmpID] = 2

It eliminated the employee record, whose ID value = 103

Single Record 2

SQL Delete Multiple records

In this Multiple records example, We use AND Operator in the Where Clause to check multiple conditions before it starts removing a record.

  WHERE [Education] = 'Partial High School' AND
        [YearlyIncome] = 45000

Remove all the records whose Education is Partial High School and whose Yearly Income is 45000.

Multiple Records 3

SQL Delete Top Clause

In this SQL Server delete statement example, we remove the first record from the table whose yearly income is less than or equal to 5000. For this Server example, we are using Select TOP.

FROM [SQLDelete]
  WHERE [YearlyIncome] <= 50000

It will check for the records whose yearly income is less than or equal to 5000, and then TOP Clause will select the First record.

SQL DELETE TOP Statement 4

Let me remove the records from the Table based on the Department name in another table. For this, we are using Inner Join along with the delete statement to join two tables. The data inside the Department table.

Department Table 11


FROM [SQLDelete] AS del
      Department AS dept ON
  del.[DeptID] = dept.id
WHERE dept.DepartmentName = 'Sr. Software Developer'

It removed all the records whose department name is Sr. Software Developer. Remember, the Department name is coming from the Department Table.

Where Clause 5

Delete Subquery

In this SQL Server delete statement with a subquery example, let us take out the rows from the Table based on the Department name in another table. For this, we are using Subquery.

   SELECT id FROM Department
     WHERE DepartmentName = 'Module Lead'

Eliminating all the records from the table whose department name is Module Lead.

SQL DELETE Statement Subquery and Where Clause Example 6

Removing All Columns

In this example, We are going to take out all the Columns.


NOTE: If you accidentally forgot the Where Clause, then you will end up removing all the records from Source.

SQL Server Delete Statement Using Management Studio

If you can access the Management Studio in SQL Server, use Intellisense to write this Statement. To do so, Right Click on the Table -> Select Script Table as -> DeleteTo -> New Query Editor Window

SSMS Example 7

It will generate the statement for the selected table, and the Code is

Let us add the below-shown Search Condition

Management Studio 9

SQL Delete Stored Procedure

Let us see how to use this Statement inside a Stored procedure. Here, we are removing records whose Occupation equals Clerical or whose yearly income is less than or equal to 60000.

IF OBJECT_ID ( 'sp_DeleteEmpRecords', 'P' ) IS NOT NULL   
    DROP PROCEDURE sp_DeleteEmpRecords;  

CREATE PROCEDURE sp_DeleteEmpRecords

		WHERE Occupation = 'Clerical' OR
			YearlyIncome <= 60000
Command(s) completed successfully.

Let me use EXEC Command to execute the stored procedure

EXEC dbo.sp_DeleteEmpRecords
Command(s) completed successfully.

Now, let us see whether the execution of the stored procedure cleared the rows in our table or not

-- Select all records from a Table after executing SP
SELECT [EmpID], [FirstName], [LastName], [Education], [Occupation], 
   [YearlyIncome], [Sales], [HireDate], [DeptID]
FROM [SQLDelete]
SQL DELETE Stored Procedure 14

Between example

This SQL Delete Statement example uses the BETWEEN Operator to remove the records between two dates.

FROM [SQLDelete]
WHERE [HireDate] BETWEEN '2016-01-27- AND '2007-01-28'
(3 row(s) affected)

The above query will remove all the records whose Hire date is between 2006-01-27 and 2007-01-28

Between operator 2

SQL Delete If Exists example

While removing a record from a table, it is always a good practice to check whether the records exist or not. Here, we are going to use the EXISTS Operator to check the records in the sd Table against the department table. If they exist and their last name is ‘Tutorial Gateway’, then remove that record.

DELETE FROM [SQLDelete] as sd
      SELECT * FROM Department
      WHERE sd.DeptID = Department.id
      AND sd.LastName = 'Tutorial Gateway'
(4 row(s) affected)

and the remaining data view is

If exists 2

SQL Delete IS Null Statement example

The data that we used for this Is Null demonstrating is

SQL Delete Is Null

In this example, we are going to remove all the employees whose Age is NULL. For this, we used the IS NULL operator.

FROM [CustomerRecords]
(4 row(s) affected)

and the remaining data is

Is Null 2