Tableau Histogram

Tableau Histogram is useful to visualize the statistical information that organizes within the user-specified range. Although it looks like a Bar chart, Histogram in Tableau displays data in equal intervals. This section shows how to Create Tableau Histogram with an example. For this demo, we use a custom query against the SQL Server.

-- Tableau Histogram Data Source
SELECT Geo.EnglishCountryRegionName, 
       Geo.StateProvinceName, 
       Geo.City, 
       Prod.EnglishProductName, 
       Prod.Color, 
       Fact.OrderQuantity, 
       Fact.TotalProductCost, 
       Fact.SalesAmount, 
       Fact.TaxAmt, 
       Fact.[Freight]
FROM DimProduct AS Prod 
   INNER JOIN FactInternetSales AS Fact 
      ON Prod.ProductKey = Fact.ProductKey 
   INNER JOIN DimSalesTerritory AS Terry 
      ON Terry.[SalesTerritoryKey] = Fact.[SalesTerritoryKey] 
   INNER JOIN DimGeography AS Geo 
      ON Geo.[SalesTerritoryKey] = Terry.[SalesTerritoryKey]

Steps to create a Tableau Histogram

The following are the steps to create a histogram in Tableau.

Histogram Show Me button: To create a Tableau histogram, Drag and Drop the Sales Amount from Measures Region to Text filed in MarksShelf. Next, select the Histogram option from the Show Me window.

Tableau Histogram 1

Add Measures Bin to Histogram: Once you select the Histogram option, a new Bin will create on the Sales Amount. Tableau Histogram will automatically add Sales Amount bin on Columns shelf and SalesAmount measure on Rows Shelf. As you see, the default bin size is 500, but you can change the range value by editing it.

Tableau Histogram 2

Change Histogram Aggregate Function: From the above, see that the SalesAmount on Rows shelf is aggregated by Count rather than Sum. To change the aggregate function, Please click on the down arrow beside the measure and change the Measure value from Count to Sum. Please refer to Tableau Bins to learn creation and editing bins. And also refer to Connecting to SQL Server and Bar chart in Tableau.

Tableau Histogram 3

Once you select the Sum option, Histogram in Tableau will display the Sum of Sales Amount against the Sales Amount Bin.

Tableau Histogram 4

Display Percentages in Histogram: Our task is to display the Percentage of Total. To do that, select Quick table Calculation option from the menu and then choose the Percentage of Total.

Tableau Histogram 5

Once completed, the Histogram will display the Total Percentage of Sales Amount against the SalesAmount Bin.

Tableau Histogram 6

How to edit Histogram Table Calculation

If you want to edit the table calculation of a Tableau Histogram, Please choose Edit Table Calculation..

Tableau Histogram 8

Once you choose the Edit Table Calculation.. option, a new window called Table Calculation will open to change the calculation type. From this drop-down list, select the required calculation.

Tableau Histogram 8