Tableau Bullet Graph

Tableau Bullet Graph is similar to a bar chart. The Bullet Chart in Tableau is useful to compare One Measure over others and visualize the result. For instance, comparing the Sales this year with last year, etc. Tableau Desktop allows us to create a Bullet Graph in multiple ways.

In this article, we will show you how to Create a Tableau Bullet Graph. For this Tableau Bullet Graph demo, we write the Custom SQL Query.

SELECT ProdSubCat.EnglishProductSubcategoryName, 
       Tery.[SalesTerritoryCountry], 
       Prod.EnglishProductName, 
       Prod.Color, 
       Fact.OrderQuantity, 
       Fact.TotalProductCost, 
       Fact.SalesAmount, 
       Fact.TaxAmt, 
       Fact.OrderDate
FROM DimProductSubcategory AS ProdSubCat
   INNER JOIN
     DimProduct AS Prod 
        ON ProdSubCat.ProductSubcategoryKey = Prod.ProductSubcategoryKey 
   INNER JOIN
     FactInternetSales AS Fact 
        ON Prod.ProductKey = Fact.ProductKey 
   INNER JOIN
     [DimSalesTerritory] AS Tery 
        ON Tery.[SalesTerritoryKey] = Fact.[SalesTerritoryKey]

First Approach to Create Tableau Bullet Chart

This method of creating a bullet chart in Tableau is very easy and straightforward. Please press and hold the control key and then select the Dimension (s), Measure(s) from the respective region, and select the Bullet Graph from the Show Me window.

For this Tableau Bullet Graph example, We are selecting Product name Dimension, Sales Amount, Total Product Cost Measures, and select the Bullet graph.

Tableau Bullet Graph 1

Once you complete, the tableau desktop will create a bullet Graph for you. Let us do some formatting to Tableau filter the underperforming products.

Tableau Bullet Graph 2

We applied a filter on Product Name Dimension with the following condition. It means, Tableau Bullet Graph will display the products whose Sales Amount is Greater Than or Equal to 500,000

Tableau Bullet Graph 4

Click OK to close the Filters window and see our newly created Tableau Bullet Graph

Tableau Bullet Graph 5

The second approach to Create Tableau Bullet Chart

This approach of creating a Tableau bullet chart or graph is not the direct way. However, you can control the reference lines and distributions. It is beneficial to analyze data in real-time.

First, Drag and Drop the English Product Name from Dimension Region to Rows Shelf and Sales Amount from Measures region to Columns Shelf. By default, Tableau generates the Bar Chart

NOTE: We also applied the filter mentioned above on the Product name

Tableau Bullet Graph 6

Next, Drag and Drop the Total Product Cost from Measures region to Level of Details filed present in Marks Shelf

Tableau Bullet Graph 7

To convert this Bar chart into a Bullet Graph in Tableau, we have to add Reference Lines and Distributions. To do this, Please Right-click on the Sales Amount Axis and select the Add Reference Line option.

Tableau Bullet Graph 8

Once you choose the Add Reference Line option, a new window called Add Reference Line, band or Box will open

Tableau Bullet Graph 9

By default, Scope will be Per Pane so please change it to per cell and change the value from Sales amount to Total Product Cost

Tableau Bullet Graph 10

The following are the changes we made to this reference Line options for Tableau bullet graph

  1. Scope: Please change the default Per Pane option to per cell. If you want to add straight or static reference line, you can use the default Per Pane option
  2. Value: By default, Measure value inside the Row or Column shelf will select, but you can change as per your requirement. Here we replace the Sum of Sales Amount with Sum of Total Product Cost. Aggregate Value: Please sleet the aggregate function from the drop-down list
  3. Label: If you want to display the label then select the label value otherwise, select None
  4. Line: Please Specify the Line Width, Style and color
Tableau Bullet Graph 11

As you can see we are closer to the Bullet Graph. Let us add one more reference line to show the Distributions. To add, Please Right click on the Sales Amount Axis and select the Add Reference Line option.

Tableau Bullet Graph 12

Go to the Distributions tab and see the default configuration settings.

Tableau Bullet Graph 13

By default, Scope will be Per Pane. So, please change it to per cell and shift the Computation value from Sales amount to Total Product Cost. If you want to change the aggregated value, Please select the aggregate function from the drop-down list

Tableau Bullet Graph 14

The changes we made to this Tableau bullet graph reference Distributions

  1. Scope: Please change the default Per Pane option to per cell. 
  2. Value: Here we replace the Sum of Sales Amount with Sum of Total Product Cost. Aggregate Value: Please sleet the aggregate function from the drop-down list
  3. Label: If you want to display the label in Tableau bullet chart, select the label value; otherwise, select None
  4. Line: Please Specify the Line Width, Style, and color. Here we are choosing the None option
  5. Fill: Specify the pattern and color for the distributions
  6. Please specify whether you want to fill the distributions above and below the Bar Chart by selecting the fields
Tableau Bullet Graph 16

Click OK to finish configuring the Distributions. We got our Tableau Bullet Graph

Tableau Bullet Graph 17

To see the Distributions clearly, Let us reduce the Bar Chart Size using the Size filed present in the Marks Shelf

Tableau Bullet Graph 18

We successfully created a Tableau Bullet Graph.

Tableau Bullet Graph 19