Python Program to Check Leap Year

Write a Python Program to Check Leap Year or Not by using the If Statement, Nested If Statement, and Elif Statement in Python with example. Before we get into Python leap year programs, Let us see the logic and definition behind the Python Leap Year.

Python Leap year Program

The normal year contains 365 days, but the leap year contains 366 days. Logically, All the years that are perfectly divisible by four called Leap years except the century years.

Century years mean they end with 00 such as 1200, 1300, 2400, 2500, etc. (Obviously they are divisible by 100). For these century years, we have to calculate further to check the Leap year in Python.

  • If the century year is divisible by 400, then that year is a Leap year in Python.
  • If it is not divisible by 400, then that year is not a Python Leap year.

Python Program to Check Leap Year using If Statement

This python program for leap year allows the user to enter any year, and check whether the user entered year is Leap year or not using the If statement.

# Python Program to Check Leap Year using If Statement

year = int(input("Please Enter the Year Number you wish: "))

if (( year%400 == 0)or (( year%4 == 0 ) and ( year%100 != 0))):
    print("%d is a Leap Year" %year)
else:
    print("%d is Not the Leap Year" %year)

Let us check for Leap Year and normal year (Not Leap Year)

Please Enter the Year Number you wish: 1200
1200 is a Leap Year
>>> 
Please Enter the Year Number you wish: 1300
1300 is Not the Leap Year

In this Python leap year program, Since we have to check multiple conditions within one If Statement, we used Logical AND and Logical OR operators. Let us divide the condition to understand it better

1: ( year%400 == 0) OR

2: ( year%4 == 0 ) AND

3: ( year%100 == 0))

Within this python program, the First condition (year%400 == 0) will check whether the (year%400) reminder is exactly equal to 0 or not. As per the algorithm any number that is divisible by 400 is a Leap year in Python.

OR

The Second If statemen holds 2 statements with Logical AND operator, so they both have to be TRUE.

First condition (year%4 == 0) will check whether the reminder of the (year % 4) is exactly equal to 0 or not. If the condition is False then it will exit from the condition because there is no point in checking the other condition. It is definitely not the Leap year. AND

Second condition will check (year % 100) reminder is not equal to 0. If it is TRUE then the given number is not century number.

As per the algorithm any number that is divisible by 4 but not divisible by 100 then that number is a Python Leap Year.

TIP: Please refer Logical Operators to understand the functionality of Python Logical And and Logical Or.

Python Program to Check Leap Year using Elif Statement

This leap year program allows the user to enter any year. And then, it will check whether the user entered year is Leap year or not using the Python Elif Statement.

# Python Program to Check Leap Year using Elif Statement

year = int(input("Please Enter the Year Number you wish: "))

if (year%400 == 0):
          print("%d is a Leap Year" %year)
elif (year%100 == 0):
          print("%d is Not the Leap Year" %year)
elif (year%4 == 0):
          print("%d is a Leap Year" %year)
else:
          print("%d is Not the Leap Year" %year)
Please Enter the Year Number you wish: 2022
2022 is Not the Leap Year
>>> 
=================== RESTART: /Users/suresh/Desktop/Python Leap Year.py ===================
Please Enter the Year Number you wish: 1300
1300 is Not the Leap Year
>>> 
=================== RESTART: /Users/suresh/Desktop/Python Leap Year.py ===================
Please Enter the Year Number you wish: 1200
1200 is a Leap Year

In this python program to check leap year, first, User will enter any year to check whether that year is Leap year or Not.

  • First If condition will check whether the (year % 400) reminder is exactly equal to 0. As per the algorithm any number that is divisible by 400 is a Leap year. If this condition Fails then it will go to next condition.
  • Second If condition will check (year % 100) reminder is exactly equal to 0 or not. As per the algorithm any number that is not divisible by 400 but divisible by 100 is Not a Leap year (Century Year). We checked (year % 400) in the First If statement. Because it is failed it came to second condition. If both the first and second condition Fails then it will go to third condition.
  • Third condition in Python leap year program will check whether year mod 4 is equal to 0. If this condition is True then given year is Leap year because We already checked for the century years in the previous condition. If all the statements Fails then it will go Else statement at the end.
  • If all the above statements fail then it is not a Python Leap year

Python Program to Check Leap Year using Nested If Statement

This Python leap year program allows the user to enter any year. And then it will check whether the user entered year is Leap year or not using the Nested If statement.

# Python Program to Check Leap Year using Nested If Statement

year = int(input("Please Enter the Year Number you wish: "))

if(year%4 == 0):
    if(year%100 == 0):
        if(year%400 == 0):
            print("%d is a Leap Year" %year)
        else:
            print("%d is Not the Leap Year" %year)
    else:
        print("%d is a Leap Year" %year)
else:
    print("%d is Not the Leap Year" %year)
Python Program to Check Leap Year using Nested If Statement

This python leap year program allows user to enter any year to check whether that year is Leap year or Not. First If condition will check whether the reminder of the (year%4) is exactly equal to 0 or not.

  • If the condition is False, the given number is definitely not the Leap year.
  • If the condition is True then we have check further for the century year. So the compiler will go to the Nested If condition.

Second If condition in Python leap year program will check (year%100) reminder is exactly equal to 0 or Not.

  • If this condition is False then the year is not century year. So the given number is definitely Leap year.
  • If the condition is True then we have check whether the number is divisible by 400 or not. So the compiler will goto to another Nested If condition.

In this condition, Python will check whether the remainder of the (year%400) is exactly equal to 0 or not.

  • If the condition is False then the given number is definitely not the Leap year.
  • If the condition is True then the given number is a Leap Year.