JavaScript Search

The JavaScript Search method is used to search and return the index position of the first occurrence of a specified string in a regular expression search. JavaScript Search will return -1 if the defined string not found. The syntax of the Search function is

String_Object.Search(RegExp)

JavaScript Search Example

The following set of examples will help you understand the JS Search Function.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title> JavaScript Search </title>
</head>
<body>
    <h1> JavaScript Search </h1>
<script>
  var Str1 = "Learn JavaScript at Tutorial Gateway.org";
  var Str2 = "We are ABC working at abc company";
 
  var Str3 = Str1.search("Script");
  var Str4 = Str1.search("abc"); // Non existing item
  var Str5 = Str2.search("abc");
  var Str6 = Str2.search(/abc/i);

  document.write("<b> Index position of Script is:</b> " + Str3);
  document.write("<br \> <b> Index position of abc is:</b> " + Str4);
  document.write("<br \> <b> Index position of abc is:</b> " + Str5);
  document.write("<br \> <b> Index position of abc is:</b> " + Str6);
</script>
</body>
</html>
JavaScript Search

The following statement search for the index position of a substring “Script” and store the index value in Str3.

var Str3 = Str1.search("Script");

NOTE: You should count the space as One Character.

Here, we are searching for a non-existing string “abc” inside the Str1. Since JavaScript Search function doesn’t find the substring, it is returning -1 as output

 var Str4 = Str1.search("abc"); // Non existing item

In the next line we are looking for “abc” inside the Str2.

 var Str5 = Str2.search("abc");

From the above JavaScript statement you can observe that, term abc is repeated multiple times. However, JS Search function consider the string “ABC” is different from “abc”. Now, let us use the i regular expression along with string

var Str6 = Str2.search(/abc/i);

Above statement performs the case insensitive string search So, Search function returns the index position of first occurrence i.e., ABC.