Create Hierarchy in Power BI

Power BI Hierarchies are like grouping the related columns level-wise to provide the option to perform the drill down action to the reports. Let me show you how to Create a hierarchy in reports with an example.

To demonstrate the creation of hierarchies in Power BI, we are going to use the table we created in the Combine Multiple Tables article. There are a couple of ways to create a hierarchy.

How to Create Hierarchy in Power BI

To create a new hierarchy in Power BI, Drag and drop one field onto the other. It automatically creates a Hierarchy for you. To demonstrate the same in Power BI, we are dragging the product subcategory onto the product category field.

Drag one Field on to another 2

Now you can see the newly created hierarchy.

Newly Create Hierarchy by dragging dimensions 3

Add fields to Hierarchy

Drag and drop the required field to the newly created hierarchy in Power BI. Let me drag the color field.

Add Fields 4

Now you can see the Color field inside it.

Create Hierarchy in Power BI 5

The second approach to add fields to the Hierarchy

Please select the field that you want to add (let me select product), and right-click on it will open the context menu. Select the Add to Hierarchy, and then select the name (Product Category)

Add to Hierarchy Option in Desktop 6

Now you can see the Product under it.

Added Fields 7

Change Hierarchy Levels in Power BI

Please be careful while configuring the levels. For instance, if you have the State column above the Country, then Level 1 is the State, and Level 2 is the Country.

Please select the field where you want to change the position or level. Next, right-click on it and select the Move Up option (or move down) from the context menu. Alternatively, you drag and drop the field at the required position.

Change Level by Move Up or Down 8

Now you can see the product in the third position

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Rename Hierarchy in Power BI

Please select the one that you created, and right-click on it will open the context menu. Select the Rename option from the context menu. Alternatively, you can double-click on the name

Rename 10

Let me rename the product.

Change the Name 11

Now you can see the new name

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Delete Hierarchy in Power BI

Select the one that you delete, and right-click on it to open the context menu. Please select the Delete option from the context menu.

Delete Hierarchy 13

Click on the Delete button to confirm the delete operation.

The second approach to create a Hierarchy in Power BI

Please select the field that you want to use in it, and right-click on it will open the context menu. Select the New option from the context menu.

New Hierarchy option in Desktop 15

It creates a new one for you. Let me add a few more fields.

Add Fields 17

Delete Fields from Hierarchy

Please select the field that you want to remove or delete. Next, right-click on it and the Delete option from the context menu.

right-click on the field and choose Delete option 18

Click the delete button to delete the Color field from it. You can see the same in the below screenshot

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Again, we added the Color field and renamed it as the Product Information.

Create Hierarchy in Power BI 21