Table Variable in SQL Server

The Table Variable in SQL Server stores a set of records like tables. And Table Variables are the best alternative to Temp Tables. Like Local Vars, this variable scope is limited to User Defined Functions or Stored procedures.

The Table variable is very fast when compared to temporary ones, and it is recommended to use this for less amount of data. The syntax of the Table variable is similar to the Create Statement.

DECLARE @Name TABLE
(
    Column_Name1 Data_Type(Size) [NULL | NOT NULL],
    Column_Name2 Data_Type(Size) [NULL | NOT NULL],
     …
    Column_NameN Data_Type(Size) [NULL | NOT NULL]
);

Create Sql Server Table Variable Example

Let us see how to Create a table variable in the Server, How to insert new records into it. And how to select records from it.

TIP: You cannot use it as either Input or an Output Parameter.

DECLARE @Records TABLE
(
  [CustomerKey] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
  [FirstName] [varchar](50) NULL,
  [LastName] [varchar](50) NULL,
  [BirthDate] [date] NULL,
  [EmailAddress] [nvarchar](50) NULL,
  [Yearly Income] [money] NULL,
  [Profession] [nvarchar](100) NULL
)
-- Inserting Values
INSERT INTO @Records 
VALUES ('Imran', 'Khan', '10-08-1985', 'abc@abc.com', 15900, 'Skilled Professional')
      ,('Doe', 'Lara', '10-08-1985', 'xyz@abc.com', 15000, 'Management')
      ,('Ramesh', 'Kumar', '10-08-1985', 'mnop@abc.com', 65000, 'Professional')

-- Selecting Values
SELECT * FROM @Records
Table Variable 1

We are executing all the statements together. Let me show you what happens when we run them independently.

There won’t be any problem with declaring this!

Table Variable in SQL Server 2

OUTPUT

Must Declare before Error Msg 1087 3

NOTE: You don’t need any DELETE or DROP statement to drop this. Database Engine will automatically delete when it exits from the scope.

I hope you understood the scope of it. Please refer to Temporary, User Defined FunctionsStored procedures, and Create Table.

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