The SQL SOUNDEX, one of the String Function, returns the four-digit Soundex code of the user-specified character expressions.
The basic syntax of the SQL Server SOUNDEX Function is as shown below:
SELECT SOUNDEX(Character_Expression) FROM [Source]
This Soundex function converts any given character’s expression into four-digit code based on the string sound. It will place the first character from the character_expression as the first digit, and the remaining are number. In some cases, it will add 0’s to the end to complete the four-digit code.
SQL SOUNDEX Function Example 1
The following list of examples will help you to understand the Soundex function.
-- SQL Server SOUNDEX Function DECLARE @Str VARCHAR(50) SET @Str = 'SQL Server' SELECT SOUNDEX(@Str) AS SoundText SELECT SOUNDEX('SQL') AS SoundText SELECT SOUNDEX('Sales') AS SoundText SELECT SOUNDEX('Suresh') AS SoundText
SOUNDEX Example 2
In this example, we are going to return the SOUNDEX code of the multiple character expressions, along with the difference. I suggest you refer to the Difference Function article to understand the same.
-- SQL Server SOUNDEX Function SELECT SOUNDEX('SQL Server') AS Code1, SOUNDEX('SQL') AS Code11, DIFFERENCE('SQL Server', 'SQL') AS Difference1 SELECT SOUNDEX('SQL') AS Code2, SOUNDEX('Suresh') AS Code22, DIFFERENCE('SQL', 'Suresh') AS Difference2 SELECT SOUNDEX('Suresh') AS Code3, SOUNDEX('Srsh') AS Code33, DIFFERENCE('Suresh', 'Srsh') AS Difference3