SQL SOUNDEX function

The SQL SOUNDEX String Function returns the four-digit Soundex code of the user-specified character expressions. The syntax of the SOUNDEX Function is

SELECT SOUNDEX(Character_Expression)
FROM [Source]

This SQL Server Soundex function converts any given character’s expression into four-digit code based on the string sound. It will place the first character from the character_expression as the first digit, and the remaining are number. In some cases, it will add 0’s to the end to complete the four-digit code.

SQL SOUNDEX Function Example 1

The following list of examples will help you to understand the Soundex function.

-- SQL Server SOUNDEX Function
DECLARE @Str VARCHAR(50)
SET @Str = 'SQL Server'

SELECT SOUNDEX(@Str) AS SoundText 

SELECT SOUNDEX('SQL') AS SoundText 

SELECT SOUNDEX('Sales') AS SoundText 

SELECT SOUNDEX('Suresh') AS SoundText
SQL SOUNDEX Function 1

SOUNDEX Example 2

In this String Function example, we are going to return the SOUNDEX code of the multiple character expressions, along with the difference. I suggest you refer to the Difference Function article SQL Server to understand the same.

-- SQL Server SOUNDEX Function
SELECT SOUNDEX('SQL Server') AS Code1,
       SOUNDEX('SQL') AS Code11,
	   DIFFERENCE('SQL Server', 'SQL') AS Difference1 

SELECT SOUNDEX('SQL') AS Code2,
       SOUNDEX('Suresh') AS Code22,
	   DIFFERENCE('SQL', 'Suresh') AS Difference2

SELECT SOUNDEX('Suresh') AS Code3,
       SOUNDEX('Srsh') AS Code33,
	   DIFFERENCE('Suresh', 'Srsh') AS Difference3
SQL SOUNDEX Function 2