In SQL Server, there is a standard stored procedure called SP_RENAME to rename the column name. The syntax of this approach is
SP_RENAME '[Table Name].[Old Column Name]', '[New Column Name]', COLUMN'
SQL Rename Column Example
We will alter the name using this SP_RENAME stored procedure in this example. To demonstrate the Rename Column, We use the below table.
USE NewNameDB GO SP_RENAME 'Customers.YearlyIncome', 'Income', 'COLUMN'
See the change
Rename Column using SQL Server Management Studio
If you can access the Management Studio, then right-click on the table, and select the Design from the context menu to change the col name.
Selecting the Design option will open the table in design mode to rename a column. Let me change the Income to Annual Income
Click the Close button and select the Yes button from the displayed pop-up window to save the changes you made in the design window.
See the changed name.