The SQL Server PATINDEX is used to return the starting index position of the first occurrence of a pattern in a specified expression. If the specified string is not found, then it will return zero. The index position of the PATINDEX Function will start from 1, Not 0, and the syntax of it is

SELECT PATINDEX (%pattern%, ExpressionToSearch)
FROM [Source]

The SQL PATINDEX function searches for the index position of a specific pattern from the original string. It will return NULL if either pattern or ExpressionToSearch is NULL.

SQL Server PATINDEX Function Example

We will show multiple ways to use this function.

DECLARE @str1 VARCHAR(50), @str2 VARCHAR(50)
SET @str1 = 'Tutorials On SQL Server 2014'
SET @str2 = 'We are xyz working at xyz Corporation'

SELECT PATINDEX('%a%', @str1) AS Result1

-- Finding the Index position 
SELECT PATINDEX('%sql%', @str1) AS Result2

SELECT PATINDEX('%language%', @str1) AS Result3

-- Finding the Index position of First Occurred xyz
SELECT PATINDEX('%xyz%', @str2) AS Result4

SELECT PATINDEX('%a_%', @str2) AS Result5

We used the SQL PATINDEX function to find the index position of ‘a’ from the variable @str1.

SELECT PATINDEX('%a%', @str1) AS Result1

Next, we are looking for xyz index position.

SELECT PATINDEX('%xyz%', @str2) AS Result4

Although it has xyz at multiple places, it has returned a value of 8. It is because the PATINDEX will return the index position of a first occurrence, and it does not care about others. In the next line, we searched for language, which does not exist inside the @str1 variable. That’s why this String Function is returning 0

SELECT PATINDEX('%language%', @str1) AS Result3

SQL PATINDEX Function Example 2

It also allows you to search for the patterns inside the column values. In this SQL Server example, We find the index position of light inside the [English Description] column. For this example, We use this data.

Source Table 2


SELECT [ProductKey]
      ,PATINDEX('%light%', [EnglishDescription]) AS indexval
  FROM [AdventureWorksDW2014].[dbo].[DimProduct]
  WHERE [EnglishDescription] IS NOT NULL AND  [EndDate] IS NOT NULL
Categories SQL