SQL IF ELSE

The SQL If Else statement is one of the most useful decision-making queries. The If statement will test the condition first, and depending upon the result, it will execute the statements.

When the test condition in the If statement is true, the query inside the if block will execute. Otherwise, the lines inside the Else block are executed. Let us see the syntax of the SQL Server If Else condition:

SQL If Else Statement Syntax

The syntax of the If Else statement in SQL Server is

IF (Test condition or Expression)
BEGIN
  -- The condition is TRUE then these will be executed
  True statements;
END

ELSE
BEGIN
   -- The condition is FALSE then these will be executed
   False statements;
END

This SQL Server if else statement accepts any test condition as the argument. When the test condition or expression in the above structure is true, then True statements will execute. When the condition is false, then the False code will run.

Flow chart

Let us see the flow chart of the SQL Server If Else statement for a better understanding.

flow chart

When the test condition is true, then STATEMENT1 will run, followed by STATEMENTN. And the condition is False, then STATEMENT2 will run, followed by STATEMENTN. Because it is out of the if else condition, and it has nothing to do with the Server condition result.

SQl Server If Else Statement Example

In this, if else example, we are going to place four different Print lines. We will display two different messages when the expression is considered true. If the expression result is false, we will print another two messages.

--Declaring Number and Total Variables
DECLARE @Marks INT = 72 ;

IF @marks > = 50
BEGIN
   PRINT ' Congratulations ';
   PRINT ' You pass the Examination ';
END
ELSE
BEGIN
   PRINT ' You Failed ';
   PRINT ' Better Luck Next Time ';
END

OUTPUT 1: Here marks = 72. Here, the expression 72 >= 50 is TRUE. That’s why print inside the If Statement display’s the Message output.

SQL IF ELSE 1

OUTPUT 2: Here, we changed the marks variable to 42, and the expression evaluated to FALSE. That’s why messages inside the Else block are displayed as Message output.

 You Failed 
 Better Luck Next Time 

If Else Statement Example 2

In this SQL program, we are going to check whether the Employee Sales is greater than or equal to 2000 or not using our If Else Statement.

  • If the condition inside the if clause is TRUE, We are going to display the Employee records Whose Sales are Greater than or Equal to 2000
  • If the expression result is FALSE, the query returns the Employee records Whose Sales is Less than 2000

Before we start writing our query, Let us see the data that we are going to use for this demonstration is

Employee Table

Let us see the code behind this If Else Example

--Declaring Number and Total Variables
DECLARE @Sales INT = 2500 ;

IF @Sales > = 2000
BEGIN
  SELECT [FirstName],[LastName]
      ,[Education],[Occupation]
      ,[YearlyIncome],[Sales],[HireDate]
  FROM [Employee]
  WHERE [Sales] >= 2000
  ORDER BY [Sales] ASC
END

ELSE
BEGIN
SELECT [FirstName],[LastName]
      ,[Education],[Occupation]
      ,[YearlyIncome],[Sales],[HireDate]
  FROM [Employee]
  WHERE [Sales] < 2000
  ORDER BY [Sales] ASC
END

OUTPUT 1: Here, we specified the Sales as 500. The expression in this SQL If Statement is 500 >= 2000, which is FALSE. That’s why Output is displaying 6 out of 14 records whose sales are less than 2000

SQL IF ELSE 4

Here, we changed the Sales variable to 2500. The expression 2500 >= 2000 is TRUE. That’s why Output is displaying 8 out of 14 records whose sales are greater than or equal to 2000

SQL IF ELSE 5

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