# C Program For Strong Number

How to Write C Program For Strong Number Using While Loop, For Loop, and Recursive Function?. This C strong number article will also show you, How to write a C program to print Strong Numbers between 1 to n.

## C Program For Strong Number Using While Loop

This strong number in program allows the user to enter any positive integer. And then, it will check whether the number is Strong Number or Not using the While Loop

```/* C Program For Strong Number */

#include <stdio.h>

int main()
{
int Number, Temp, Reminder, Sum = 0, i;
long Factorial;

printf("\nPlease Enter a Number to Check for Strong Number \n");
scanf("%d", &Number);

//Helps to prevent altering the original value
Temp = Number;
while( Temp > 0)
{
Factorial = 1, i = 1;
Reminder = Temp % 10;
while (i <= Reminder)
{
Factorial = Factorial * i;
i++;
}
printf("\n Factorial of %d = %d\n", Reminder, Factorial);
Sum = Sum + Factorial;
Temp = Temp /10;
}

printf("\n Sum of the Factorials of a Given Number %d is = %d\n", Number, Sum);

if ( Number == Sum )
printf("\n %d is a Strong Number.\n", Number);
else
printf("\n %d is not a Strong Number.\n", Number);

return 0;
}```

This program for a strong number allows the user to enter any positive integer. It will assign it to a Number variable.

Next, we are assigning the original value to the Temp variable. It will help us to preserve our original value while we do all the manipulation on the Temp variable.

Below C Programming While loop will make sure that the given number is greater than 0, the statements inside the While Loop will split the numbers and find the factorial of individual digits inside the given number. If you don’t understand the logic, Please refer C Program to Count Number Of Digits in a Number article.

Here, the first while Loop (Outer one) in C strong number program will split the number into individual digits. Next, the inner while loop will find the factorial of that digit. I suggest you refer C Program to find Factorials of a Given Number article to understand the logic behind the factorial.

```  while( Temp > 0)
{
Factorial = 1, i = 1;
Reminder = Temp % 10;
while (i <= Reminder)
{
Factorial = Factorial * i;
i++;
}
printf("\n Factorial of %d = %d\n", Reminder, Factorial);
Sum = Sum + Factorial;
Temp = Temp /10;
}```

User Entered value of this strong number example : Number = 145 and Sum = 0
Temp = Number
Temp = 145

First Iteration
Reminder = Temp % 10
Reminder = 145 % 10 = 5

Now, it will enter into Inner While loop. Here it will calculate the factorial of 5, and that is 120. Please refer C Program to find Factorial article

Sum = Sum +120
Sum = 0 + 120 => 120

Temp = Temp /10
Temp = 145 /10 => 14

Second Iteration
From the first Iteration of strong number in c program, the values of both Temp and Sum has changed as Temp = 14 and Sum = 120
Reminder = Temp % 10
Reminder = 14 % 10 = 4

Now, it will enter into Inner While loop. Here it will calculate the factorial of 4, and that is 24.
Sum = 120 + 24
Sum = 144

Temp = Temp /10
Temp = 14 /10 => 1

Third Iteration
From the Third Iteration of c program for strong number, the values of both Temp and Sum changed as Temp = 1 and Sum = 144
Reminder = Temp % 10
Reminder = 1 % 10 = 0

Here, the factorial of 1 is 1
Sum = 144 + 1
Sum = 145

Temp = Temp / 10
Temp = 1 / 10 => 0

Here Temp = 0 so, the while loop condition will fail

if ( Number == Sum ) – Condition will check whether the user enter number is exactly equal to Sum number or not. If this condition is True, then it is Strong Number, else it is not Strong Number

Let me check with another value in this c strong number program

``````Please Enter a Number to Check for Strong Number
153

Factorial of 3 = 6

Factorial of 5 = 120

Factorial of 1 = 1

Sum of the Factorials of a Given Number 153 is = 127

153 is not a Strong Number.``````

## C Program For Strong Number Using For Loop

This program for a strong number in c allows the user to enter any positive integer. And then, this program will check whether a number is a Strong Number or Not using For Loop

```/* C Program For Strong Number */

#include <stdio.h>

int main()
{
int Number, Temp, Reminder, Sum = 0, i;
long Factorial;

printf("\nPlease Enter a Number to Check for Strong Number \n");
scanf("%d", &Number);

//Helps to prevent altering the original value
Temp = Number;
for(Temp = Number; Temp > 0; Temp =  Temp / 10 )
{
Factorial = 1;
Reminder = Temp % 10;
for (i = 1; i <= Reminder; i++)
{
Factorial = Factorial * i;
}
printf(" Factorial of %d = %d\n", Reminder, Factorial);
Sum = Sum + Factorial;
}

printf("\n Sum of the Factorials of a Given Number %d is = %d\n", Number, Sum);

if ( Number == Sum )
printf("\n %d is a Strong Number.\n", Number);
else
printf("\n %d is not a Strong Number.\n", Number);

return 0;
}```
``````Please Enter a Number to Check for Strong Number
40585

Factorial of 5 = 120
Factorial of 8 = 40320
Factorial of 5 = 120
Factorial of 0 = 1
Factorial of 4 = 24

Sum of the Factorials of a Given Number 40585 is = 40585

40585 is a Strong Number.``````

Let me check with another number

``````Please Enter a Number to Check for Strong Number
26
Factorial of 6 = 720
Factorial of 2 = 2

Sum of the Factorials of a Given Number 26 is = 722

26 is not a Strong Number.``````

We just replaced the While loop in the above strong number in c example with the For loop. If you don’t understand the for loop, then please refer For Loop article here: For Loop

## C Program For Strong Number Using Recursion

This strong number in the program allows you to enter any positive integer. Then, it will check whether a number is a Strong Number or Not using Recursion concept. Here, you can also try normal function to calculate the Factorial.

```/* C Program For Strong Number */

#include <stdio.h>

long Calculate_Factorial(int);

int main()
{
int Number, Temp, Reminder, Sum = 0;
long Factorial;

printf("\nPlease Enter a Number to Check for Strong Number \n");
scanf("%d", &Number);

//Helps to prevent altering the original value
Temp = Number;
for(Temp = Number; Temp > 0; Temp =  Temp / 10 )
{
Factorial = 1;
Reminder = Temp % 10;

// Calling Calculate_factorial Function
Factorial = Calculate_Factorial(Reminder);

printf("Factorial of %d = %d\n", Reminder, Factorial);
Sum = Sum + Factorial;
}

printf("\nSum of the Factorials of a Given Number %d is = %d\n", Number, Sum);

if ( Number == Sum )
printf("\n%d is a Strong Number.\n", Number);
else
printf("\n%d is not a Strong Number.\n", Number);

return 0;
}

long Calculate_Factorial(int Number)
{
if (Number == 0 || Number == 1)
return 1;

else
return Number * Calculate_Factorial (Number -1);
}```
``````Please Enter a Number to Check for Strong Number : 145
Factorial of 5 = 120
Factorial of 4 = 24
Factorial of 1 = 1

Sum of the Factorials of a Given Number 145 is = 145

145 is a Strong Number.``````

## C Program to Find Strong Numbers between the 1 to n

This C program for a strong number allows the user to enter a minimum and maximum values. This program will find C Strong Numbers between the Minimum and Maximum values.

```/* C Program to Find Strong Numbers between 0 to 10000 */

#include <stdio.h>

int Strong_Number(int);

int main()
{
int Number, Temp, Sum = 0, Minimum, Maximum;

printf("\nPlease Enter the Minimum & Maximum Values\n");
scanf("%d %d",&Minimum, &Maximum);

for(Number = Minimum; Number <= Maximum; Number++)
{
Temp = Number;
Sum = Strong_Number(Temp);
if ( Number == Sum )
printf("\n%d is a Strong Number.\n", Number);
}
return 0;
}
long Calculate_Factorial(int Number)
{
if (Number == 0 || Number == 1)
return 1;
else
return Number * Calculate_Factorial (Number -1);
}
int Strong_Number(int Number)
{
int Temp, Reminder, Sum = 0;
long Factorial;
Temp = Number;
for(Temp = Number; Temp > 0; Temp =  Temp / 10 )
{
Factorial = 1;
Reminder = Temp % 10;
Factorial = Calculate_Factorial(Reminder);
Sum = Sum + Factorial;
}
return Sum;
}```

C Strong Numbers from 1 to n output

``````Please Enter the Minimum & Maximum Values
10
100000

145 is a Strong Number.

40585 is a Strong Number.``````

This strong number program allows the user to enter a minimum and maximum values. Next, the below shown For Loop helps the compiler to iterate between Minimum and Maximum Variables, iteration starts at the Minimum. Then it will not exceed the Maximum variable.

`for (Number = Minimum; Number <= Maximum; Number++)`