The Arithmetic operators are some of the C Programming Operator, which are used to perform arithmetic operations includes operators like Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division and Modulus.

All these Arithmetic operators in C are binary operators which means they operate on two operands.

Below table shows all the Arithmetic Operators in C Programming with examples.

Arithmetic Operators | Operation | Example |
---|---|---|

+ | Addition | 10 + 2 = 12 |

– | Subtraction | 10 – 2 = 8 |

* | Multiplication | 10 * 2 = 20 |

/ | Division | 10 / 2 = 5 |

% | Modulus – It returns the remainder after the division | 10 % 2 = 0 (Here remainder is zero). If it is 10 % 3 then it will be 1. |

**Arithmetic Operators in C Example**

In this arithmetic operator in c program, We are using two variables a and b and their values are 12 and 3.

We are going to use these two variables to perform various arithmetic operations present in Programming Language

/* Program to Perform Arithmetic Operations in C */ #include<stdio.h> int main() { int a = 12, b = 3; int addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, modulus; addition = a + b; //addition of 3 and 12 subtraction = a - b; //subtract 3 from 12 multiplication = a * b; //Multiplying both division = a / b; //dividing 12 by 3 (number of times) modulus = a % b; //calculation the remainder printf("Addition of two numbers a, b is : %d\n", addition); printf("Subtraction of two numbers a, b is : %d\n", subtraction); printf("Multiplication of two numbers a, b is : %d\n", multiplication); printf("Division of two numbers a, b is : %d\n", division); printf("Modulus of two numbers a, b is : %d\n", modulus); }

**NOTE:** When we are using division (/) operator the result will completely depend upon the data type it belongs to.

For example, if the data type is an integer then division arithmetic operators in c will produce the integer value by rounding the value (5 / 2 = 2).

If you want the correct result then change the data type to float. Don’t get confused, let’s see one more example for better understanding

**Arithmetic Operators in C using Float**

For this arithmetic operators in c example program, We are using two variables a and b and their values are 7 and 3. We are going to use these two variables to show the problems we generally face while performing arithmetic operations on Int and Float Datatype.

/* C Program to Perform Division and Modulus on Float data type */ #include<stdio.h> int main() { int a = 7, b = 3; int integerdiv, modulus; float floatdiv; integerdiv = a / b; // dividing 7 by 3 modulus = a % b; // calculation the remainder floatdiv = (float)a / b; // Converting int to float printf("Division of two numbers a, b is : %d\n", integerdiv); printf("Modulus of two numbers a, b is : %d\n", modulus); printf("---------Correct Results is------- \n"); printf("Division of two numbers a, b is : %f\n", floatdiv); }

Within the above arithmetic operators in c example, If you notice the result, we got two different results for the same calculation. Because for the first result, both a and b are integers and the output is also an integer (integerdiv). So the compiler neglects the term after the decimal point and shows answer 2 instead of 2.3333 and a % b is 1 because the remainder is 1.

Next, we changed the output data type to float (floatdiv), and also converted the result to float to get our desired result.

**TIP:** Please be careful, while using the division Operator (Type casting plays a major role here).