Armstrong Number in Java

If the given number is equal to the sum of the cubes of each digit equals to the number, that can be Armstrong Number in Java. For example, 153 is because of the Number of individual digits in 153 = 3 and

153 = 1³ + 5³ + 3³ ==> 1 + 125 + 27 ==> 153

How to Write Java Armstrong Number program using While Loop, For Loop, Functions, and Recursion. We will also show the Java Armstrong Numbers between 1 to n.

The below steps will show the common approach to checking for the Armstrong Number.

  1. Enter any number and divide that into individual digits (For Example, Divide 153 into 1, 5, and 3) and count them.
  2. Calculate the power of n for each individual and add those numbers
  3. Compare the original value with the Sum value.
  4. If they exactly matched, then it is an Armstrong number else, it is not.

Java Armstrong Number using While Loop

This program allows the user to enter any positive integer. This program will check whether a number is Armstrong or Not using Java While Loop.

import java.util.Scanner;
public class Example {	
	private static Scanner sc;
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		int Number, Temp, Reminder, Times = 0;
		double Sum = 0;
		sc = new Scanner(System.in);		
		System.out.println("\n Please Enter number to Check : ");
		Number = sc.nextInt();

		//Helps to prevent altering the original value
		Temp = Number;
		while (Temp != 0) {
			Times = Times + 1;
			Temp = Temp / 10;
		}
		   
		Temp = Number;
		while( Temp > 0)  {
			Reminder = Temp %10;
		    Sum = Sum + Math.pow(Reminder, Times);
		    Temp = Temp /10;
		}
		System.out.format("\n Sum of entered is = %.2f", Sum);
		
		if (Sum == Number) {
			System.out.format("\n% d is a Armstrong", Number);
		}
		else {
			System.out.format("\n% d is NOT", Number);
		}
	}
}
Armstrong Number in Java using While Loop

In this Armstrong Number program, the first two statements will ask the user to enter any positive integer and assign it to a variable.

Next, We assign the original value to the Temp variable. It will help us to preserve our original value and then do all the manipulation on the Temp variable.

The first While loop will make sure that the given number is greater than 0, and statements inside the while loop will split the numbers and counts individual digits inside the given value. If you do not understand the logic, please refer to the Count Number Of Digits in a Number article.

The second Java while loop will keep the given number greater than 0 and calculates the sum of the powers.

Let us see the working principle of this Java Armstrong Number while loop in iteration-wise. Here, the user Entered value are Number = 9474 and Sum = 0

Temp = Number
Temp = 9474

First Iteration
Reminder = Temp %10
Reminder = 9474 % 10 = 4

Sum = Sum + Math.pow (Reminder, Times)

For this example, Times = 4 because the number of digits in 9474 = 4.

So, math.pow function will multiply the Reminder 4 times

Sum = Sum + (Reminder * Reminder * Reminder * Reminder)
Sum = 0 + (4 * 4 * 4 * 4) = 0 + 256 = 256

Temp = Temp /10
Temp = 9474 /10 = 947

If the digits count is 5, then Reminder will be multiplied by 5 times.

Armstrong number in Java Second Iteration: From the first iteration, the values of both Temp and Sum changed as Temp = 947 and Sum = 256

Reminder = 947 % 10 = 7

Sum = 256 + (7 * 7 * 7 * 7) => 256 + 2401
Sum = 2657

Temp = 947 /10 = 94

Third Iteration: From the Third Iteration, the values of Temp = 94 and Sum = 2657

Reminder = 94 % 10 = 4

Sum = 2657 + (4 * 4 * 4 * 4) = >2657 + 256
Sum = 2913

Temp = 94 /10 = 9

Fourth Iteration: Temp = 9 and Sum = 2913

Reminder = 9 % 10 = 9

Sum = 2913 + (9 * 9 * 9 * 9) => 2913 + 6561
Sum = 9474

Temp = 9/10 = 0

Here Temp= 0. So, the while loop condition will fail

if ( Number== Sum ) – the condition will check whether the user enters one that is exactly equal to Sum or not. If this condition is True, then it is Armstrong Number else, it is not.

NOTE: If you are looking for numbers below 1000, then remove the while loop to count the digits. And then replace the below code.

Sum = Sum + Math.pow(Reminder, Times);

With

Sum = Sum + (Reminder * Reminder * Reminder)

Check Armstrong Number in Java using For Loop

This program will check whether a number is Armstrong or Not using the For Loop.

package FrequentPrograms;

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Example {
	private static Scanner sc;
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		int Number, Temp, Reminder, Times = 0;
		double Sum = 0;
		sc = new Scanner(System.in);		
		System.out.println("\n Please Enter number to Check : ");
		Number = sc.nextInt();

		//Helps to prevent altering the original value
		Temp = Number;
		while (Temp != 0) {
			Times = Times + 1;
			Temp = Temp / 10;
		   }
		   
		for(Temp = Number; Temp > 0; Temp =  Temp /10 )  {
			Reminder = Temp %10;
		    Sum = Sum + Math.pow(Reminder, Times);
		   }
		System.out.format("\n Sum of entered number is = %.2f", Sum);
		
		if (Sum == Number) {
			System.out.format("\n% d is a Armstrong", Number);
		}
		else {
			System.out.format("\n% d is NOT", Number);
		}
	}
}

 Please Enter number to Check : 
1634

 Sum of entered number is = 1634.00
 1634 is a Armstrong

Check Java Armstrong Number using Functions

This program allows you to enter any positive integer. Then, this program will check whether a number is Armstrong or Not using Functions.

package FrequentPrograms;

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Example {
	private static Scanner sc;
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		int Num;
		sc = new Scanner(System.in);		
		System.out.println("\n Please Enter integer to Check : ");
		Num = sc.nextInt();
		ArmNum(Num);
	}
	public static void ArmNum(int Num) {
		int Temp, Reminder, Times = 0;
		double Sum = 0;
		//Helps to prevent altering the original value
		Temp = Num;
		while (Temp != 0) {
			Times = Times + 1;
			Temp = Temp / 10;
		   }
		   
		for(Temp = Num; Temp > 0; Temp =  Temp /10 )  {
			Reminder = Temp %10;
		    Sum = Sum + Math.pow(Reminder, Times);
		   }
		System.out.format("\n Sum = %.2f", Sum);
		
		if (Sum == Num) {
			System.out.format("\n% d is a Armstrong", Num);
		}
		else {
			System.out.format("\n% d is NOT", Num);
		}
	}
}
 Please Enter integer to Check : 
153

 Sum = 153.00
 153 is a Armstrong

When the Javac compiler reaches to ArmNum(Num) line in the main() program, then the compiler will immediately jump to the below function:

public static void ArmNum(int Num) {

Check Armstrong Number in Java using Oops

In this program to find Armstrong Number in Java, we are dividing the code using Object-Oriented Programming. To do this, we will first create a class that holds a method to recursively reverse an integer.

package FrequentPrograms;

public class ArsNum {
	int Times, Reminder; 		

	public int Count_Numbers(int num) {
		while (num != 0) {
			Times = Times + 1;
			num = num / 10;
		}
		return Times;
	}
	
	public double Check_Arm(int num) {
		double Sum = 0;
		Times = Count_Numbers(num);
		while(num > 0) {
			Reminder = num %10;
			Sum = Sum + Math.pow(Reminder, Times);
			num = num /10;
		   }
		return Sum;
	}
	
}

Within the Main program, we will create an instance and call the methods

package FrequentPrograms;

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Example {
	private static Scanner sc;
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		int Number;
		double Sum = 0;
		
		sc = new Scanner(System.in);		
		System.out.println("\n Please Enter number to Check : ");
		Number = sc.nextInt();

		ArsNum arms = new ArsNum();
		Sum = arms.Check_Arm(Number);   
		
		System.out.format("\n Sum of entered is = %.2f", Sum);
		
		if (Sum == Number) {
			System.out.format("\n% d is a Armstrong", Number);
		}
		else {
			System.out.format("\n% d is NOT", Number);
		}
	}
}
 Please Enter number to Check : 
371

 Sum of entered is = 371.00
 371 is a Armstrong

ArsNum Analysis:

In this Java Armstrong Number program, we created one function to count the digits in it. Next, we declared one more function to calculate the sum of the power of n for each digit present in that integer. We already explained the Logic in the above example.

NOTE: With the Check_Arm(int num) method, we are calling the Count_Number() function to get the Times value. If you want to pass the power value as an argument, then declare one more argument and remove this line.

Main Class Analysis:

First, we created an instance / created an Object of the ArsNum Class

ArsNum arms = new ArsNum();

Next, we are calling the Check_Arm method.

Sum = arms.Check_Arm(Number);

Lastly, System.out.println statement will print the output.

Check Armstrong Number in Java using Recursion

This program will check whether a Armstrong number uses the Recursion concept.

package FrequentPrograms;

public class ArNu {
	int Reminder; 		
	double Sum = 0;
	
	public double Check_Arm(int Num, int Times) {
		if (Num > 0) {
			Reminder = Num %10;
			Sum = Sum + Math.pow(Reminder, Times);
			Check_Arm(Num /10, Times);
		}
		return Sum;
	}
}

Within the Main program

package FrequentPrograms;

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Example {

	private static Scanner sc;
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		int Num, Times;
		double Sum = 0;
		
		sc = new Scanner(System.in);		
		System.out.println("\n Please Enter Value to Check : ");
		Num = sc.nextInt();

		ArNu arms = new ArNu();
		Times = arms.Count_Numbers(Num);   
		
		ArNu arm = new ArNu();
		Sum = arm.Check_Arm(Num, Times); 
		
		System.out.format("\n Sum of entered is = %.2f", Sum);
		
		if (Sum == Num) {
			System.out.format("\n% d is a Armstrong", Num);
		}
		else {
			System.out.format("\n% d is NOT", Num);
		}
	}
}
 Please Enter Value to Check : 
370

 Sum of entered is = 370.00
 370 is a Armstrong

In this Java Armstrong Number program, Within the function, Check_Arm(int Number, int Times), we are using the If statement to check whether the given number is greater than zero or not. It is very important, and if you forget this, then it ends up in an infinite loop.

if (Num > 0) {

We already explained the logic in our previous examples. Within the If statement, we used one 1 extra line.

Check_Arm(Number /10, Times);

The above Statement will help to call the function Recursively with the updated value. If we miss this statement, it will terminate after completing the first line. For example, if Number= 153, then the output will be 27.

Java Program to Find Armstrong Number between 1 to N

This program allows the user to enter the minimum and maximum values. This program will find the Armstrong Numbers between the Minimum and Maximum values.

import java.util.Scanner;
public class Example {	
	private static Scanner sc;
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		int Temp, i, Minimum, Maximum, Reminder;
		sc = new Scanner(System.in);	
		
		System.out.println("\n Please Enter the Minimum : ");
		Minimum = sc.nextInt();
		
		System.out.println("\n Please Enter the Maximum : ");
		Maximum = sc.nextInt();
		
		for(i = Minimum; i <= Maximum; i++) {
			int sum = 0, Times = 0;
			Temp = i;
			while (Temp > 0) {
				Times = Times + 1;
				Temp = Temp / 10;
			}
			Temp = i;
			while( Temp > 0)  {
				Reminder = Temp %10;
				sum = sum + (int)Math.pow(Reminder, Times);
				Temp = Temp /10;
			}
			if(sum == i) {
				System.out.format(" %d  ", i);	
			}
		}
	}
}

From 100 to 100000 output

 Please Enter the Minimum Value: 
100

 Please Enter the Maximum Value: 
100000
 153   370   371   407   1634   8208   9474   54748   92727   93084 

The For Loop helps the Javac compiler iterate between Minimum and Maximum Variables. The iteration starts at the Minimum, and then it will not exceed the Maximum variable.