MySQL VAR_POP Function

MySQL VAR_POP is one of the Aggregate Function, which calculates the Standard Variance of total records (or rows) selected by the SELECT Statement.


The VARIANCE Function is the synonyms for the standard VAR_POP function. So, you can use this function also. The mathematical formulas behind the VAR_POP to calculate the standard variance in MySQL is

--Calculating the Mean or Average
Mean = Sum of each individual / Total number of items

--Calculating the Variance
Variance = ( (OriginalValue – Mean)² + (OriginalValue – Mean)² +.... ) / Total number of items

The basic syntax behind the VARIANCE, VAR_POP in MySQL is

-- MySQL VARIANCE example
FROM Source;

-- MySQL VAR_POP example
FROM Source;

In this article, we show you, How to write VARIANCE, VAR_POP functions to calculate the standard Variance with example. For this, We are going to use the below-shown MySQL data.

MySQL VAR_POP Example 1


The VARIANCE, VAR_POP functions returns the Standard Variance of the total number of records present in the specified column. For example, below query will calculate the Standard Variance of total records present in Yearly_Income from Customer details table.

-- MySQL VARIANCE example
SELECT VARIANCE(Yearly_Income) AS `Standard income Variance`
FROM customerdetails;

-- MySQL VAR_POP example
SELECT VAR_POP(Yearly_Income) AS `Standard income Variance`
FROM customerdetails;
MySQL VAR_POP Function Example 1

MySQL VAR_POP Group By Example

In general, VAR_POP or VARIANCE functions calculate the Standard Variance of products belongs to a particular category or color, etc. In these situations, we can use GROUP BY Clause to group the products by color or category. And next, we use VAR_POP Aggregate Function to calculate the Standard Variance.

-- MySQL VARIANCE, and VAR_POP Function Examples
USE company;
SELECT  Profession,
FROM customerdetails
GROUP BY Profession;

Above VAR_POP and Variance SELECT Statement query group the Customers by their Profession, and determine their Standard Variance

MySQL VAR_POP Function Example 2

We are taking the Software Developer profession.

–Calculating Mean
Mean = (70,000 + 79,000) / 2
Mean = 74500

–Calculating Variance
Variance = (70000 – 74500)² + (79000 – 74500)² / 2
Variance = 20,250,000