Java Program to Swap Two Numbers

Write a Java Program to Swap Two Numbers using a temporary variable, and also without using temporary or third variable. For this Java swap two numbers purpose, we are going to use Arithmetic Operators and Bitwise Operators.

Java Program to Swap Two Numbers using Temp Variable

This program allows the user to enter two integer values. By using the third variable, this Java example Swaps those two numbers.

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Example {	
	
	private static Scanner sc;	
	 
	public static void main(String[] args) 
	{	
		int a, b, temp;
		sc = new Scanner(System.in);
		
		System.out.print(" Please Enter the First : ");
		a = sc.nextInt();	
		
		System.out.print(" Please Enter the Second : ");
		b = sc.nextInt();	
		
		System.out.println("\n Before : a =  " + a + " and b =  " + b);
		
		temp = a;
		a = b;
		b = temp;
		
		System.out.println("\n After :  a =  " + a + " and b =  " + b);
	}
}
Java Program to Swap Two Numbers 1

In the above Java example, we assigned a = 10 and b = 25

Temp = a – it means assigning a value to Temp variable
Temp = 10

a = b – assigning b value to the variable a
a = 25

b = Temp – assigning Temp value to b
b = 6

Java Program to Swap Two Numbers without Using Temp Variable

In this Java example, Instead of using the temp or third variable to swap two numbers, we are going to use Arithmetic Operators.

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Example2 {
	private static Scanner sc;
	public static void main(String[] args) 
	{
		int a, b;
		sc = new Scanner(System.in);
		
		System.out.print(" Please Enter the First value : ");
		a = sc.nextInt();	
		
		System.out.print(" Please Enter the Second value : ");
		b = sc.nextInt();	
		
		System.out.println("\n Before : a =  " + a + " and b =  " + b);
		
		a = a + b;
		b = a - b;
		a = a - b;
		
		System.out.println("\n After :  a =  " + a + " and b =  " + b);
	}
}

Java swap two numbers using arithmetic operators

 Please Enter the First value : 6
 Please Enter the Second value : 13

 Before : a =  6 and b =  13

 After :  a =  13 and b =  6

User Entered Values are a = 6 and b = 13

a = a + b
a = 6 + 13 = 19

b= a-b = 19 – 13 = 6

a = a-b = 19 – 6 = 13
Final Values of the 2 numbers: a = 13 and b = 6

NOTE: Although we can interchange 2 numbers using multiplication and division approach. But it may produce strange values if we are working with larger integer values, or if any of the integer value is 0

Java Program to Swap Two Numbers using Bitwise OR Operator

In this Java example, Instead of using the temp variable, we are going to use Bitwise Operators to swap 2 numbers.

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Example3 {
	private static Scanner sc;
	public static void main(String[] args) 
	{
		int a, b;
		sc = new Scanner(System.in);
		
		System.out.print(" Please Enter the First value : ");
		a = sc.nextInt();	
		
		System.out.print(" Please Enter the Second value : ");
		b = sc.nextInt();	
		
		System.out.println("\n Before : a =  " + a + " and b =  " + b);
		
		a = a ^ b;
		b = a ^ b;
		a = a ^ b;
		
		System.out.println("\n After :  a =  " + a + " and b =  " + b);
	}
}

Java swap two numbers using bitwise operators

 Please Enter the First value : 150
 Please Enter the Second value : 275

 Before : a =  150 and b =  275

 After :  a =  275 and b =  150

Java Program to Swap Two Numbers Using Method

This program is the same as the first example. But we separated the logic and placed it in a separate method.

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Example4 {
	private static Scanner sc;
	public static void main(String[] args) 
	{
		int a, b;
		sc = new Scanner(System.in);
		
		System.out.print(" Please Enter the First value : ");
		a = sc.nextInt();	
		
		System.out.print(" Please Enter the Second value : ");
		b = sc.nextInt();	
		
		System.out.println("\n Before : a =  " + a + " and b =  " + b);
		swfunc(a, b);
		
	}
	
	public static void swfunc(int a, int b)
	{
		int temp;
		
		temp = a;
		a = b;
		b = temp;
		
		System.out.println("\n After :  a =  " + a + " and b =  " + b);
	}
}
 Please Enter the First value : 12
 Please Enter the Second value : 95

 Before : a =  12 and b =  95

 After :  a =  95 and b =  12