In this article we will show you, How to create a Range Chart in SSRS, How to change the Chart Title, Legend Title, Legend Position, Font style, and chart type to smooth Range Chart in SQL Reporting Services with example.
For this example, we are going to write the Custom SQL Query against the SQL Server Data Source, and the query that we are going to use for this report is:
-- SQL Query that we use in SSRS Range Chart
SELECT Cat.[EnglishProductCategoryName] AS ProductCategory,
SubCat.[EnglishProductSubcategoryName] AS ProductSubCategory,
Prod.EnglishProductName AS ProductName,
FROM FactInternetSales AS Fact
INNER JOIN DimProduct AS Prod
ON Fact.ProductKey = Prod.ProductKey
INNER JOIN DimProductSubcategory AS SubCat
ON Prod.ProductSubcategoryKey = SubCat.ProductSubcategoryKey
INNER JOIN DimProductCategory AS Cat
ON SubCat.ProductCategoryKey = Cat.ProductCategoryKey
and the Data that it’s going to return is:
Create a Range Chart in SSRS
In this example, we are going to create a Range Chart to display the Sales Amount, Total Product Cost against the Product Names (or Color). Below screenshot will show you the Data Source, and Dataset that we used for this Range Chart Report.
In SSRS report design, we can add a Range Chart by dragging the Chart property from the SSRS Toolbox to Design space, or we can simply right-click on the report designer to open the context menu. From the context menu, please select the Insert -> Chart option as we shown below.
Once you select the Chart option, a new window called Select Chart Type will be opened to select required chart from the available once. For this example, we are selecting a Range Chart as shown in below screenshot.
Once you click on Ok button, Range Chart will be displayed in design region with dummy data.
Click on the empty space around the Range Chart will open the Chart Data window
- Values: Any Numeric (Metric) value such as Total Sales, Sale amount, Number of Customers, Tax etc. All these values will be aggregated using aggregate function (Sum, Avg, Count etc). This is because we are grouping them with the category group items.
- Category Group: Please specify the Column name on which you want to partition you the Bubble Chart.
Drag and drop the Sales Metric column from data set to chart data values, and Product Name Dimension to category group.
NOTE: Please be careful when dragging the columns to values region, if you mishandled or dropped in design area will end up in mess.
Click on the Preview tab to see the report preview.
If you observe the above screenshot, It is the same chart that we generated in Area Chart. This is because range chart means (High Value to Low Value) and here high value is Sum of Sales Amount, and the Low Value is zero by default.
Let me change the Low value from default to Sum of Total Product Cost.
Now you can see that the Range chart is displaying the Range of difference between the Total Product Cost, and the Sales Amount
Format Range Chart in SSRS
Following list of examples will show you the steps involved in formatting the Range Chart in SQL Reporting Services
Change Axis properties of a Range Chart in SSRS
Right click on the Axis of a Range Chart, and select the Horizontal Axis Properties.. option from the context menu to format the Axis values.
Here we changed the Font style to Century Gothic, Font Style to Bold, Color to Dark Blue, and font size to 9pt of the Horizontal Axis.
Next, Right click on the Vertical Axis of an Area Chart, and select the Vertical Axis Properties.. option from the context menu to format the Axis values.
Please use the above specified technique to change the font properties of the vertical Axis. Next, format the Numbers in the vertical axis by selecting the Number tab.
Change Axis Titles of a Range Chart in SSRS
In order to change the Range chart Axis titles, Please select the Axis title region as we shown in below screenshot, and change the title as per your requirement. OR, right-click on it will open the context menu. Please select the Axis Title properties.. option from the context menu as shown below.
This will open a new window called the Axis Title Properties window. Under the General section, we can change the Title text as per our requirements. For now, we are changing it to PRODUCT NAME
Under the Font tab, we can change the Font style, size, and color of an Axis title. For now, we are changing the Color to Dark Green, Font to Century Gothic, Size to 12pt, and style to Bold
Please apply the same properties to Y-Axis as well. Once you are done, Click on the Preview tab to see the report preview.
Change SSRS Range Chart Title
To change the title of a Range chart, Please select the Chart title region as we shown in below screenshot, and change the title as per your requirement. OR, right-click on it will open the context menu. Please select the Title properties.. option from the context menu as shown below.
Here we are changing the title as SSRS Range Chart Example because the report is displaying the same
Format SSRS Range Chart Title Font
Within the Font tab we can change the Font Size, Font Family, Font Style and Color of a Range chart Title. Here we are changing the Font to Century Gothic, Style to Bold, Font size to 14pt, and color to Brown as shown in below screenshot
Format Legend of a Range Chart in SSRS
To format the Range Chart Legend region, Please Select the Legend region and right-click on it will open the context menu. From the menu, please select Legend Properties option.
This will open a new window called the Legend Properties Window. Within the General Tab we have an option called Legend Position to change the Legend Position by changing the dot positions. For now we are changing the position to top right corner.
Next, Under the Font tab, we can change the Font style, size, and color of a Legend. For now, we are changing the Font to Century Gothic, Color to Maroon, Style to Bold, and Size to 10pt
Click OK button to close the Properties window, and hit the preview tab to see the report preview
Convert Range Chart to Smooth Range Chart in SSRS
SSRS allows us to change the chart type even after creating a Range Chart. To do so First, select the Range Chart and right-click on it will open the context menu. Please select the Change Chart Type… option from the context menu
Once you select the Change Chart Type… option, it will open new window called Select Chart Type to select the change. Here we are selecting the Smooth Range Chart
Click on the preview tab to see the report preview
From the above screenshot you can observe that, We successfully changed the Chart Type from Normal Range Chart to Smooth Range Chart.
Until now, we are working with single data series values. Let me add the Total Product Cost to Chart Values, and change the Low property to Tax amount (Just for the demonstration purpose).
Now you can see, our range chart is displaying the chart for both the Sales Amount, and the Total Product Cost
Add Data Labels to Range Chart in SSRS
Above chart holds too much data to display in the Data labels. So let me change the dimension in the Category Group from Product Name to Color
Right click on the Chart, and select the Show Data Labels option from the context menu to show the values
Next, let me format the Font of Data Labels. To do so, Please select the Data labels, and right click on it will open the context menu. Next, please select the Series Label Properties option from the context menu as we shown below.
Here we are changing the font to Century Gothic, font size to 10pt, font color to Maroon, and style to Bold
Next, format the Numbers to Currency by selecting the Number tab.
Do the same for the Blue color chart as well. Once you are done, Click on the Preview tab to see the report preview
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