The R Arithmetic operators include operators like Arithmetic Addition, Subtraction, Division, Multiplication, Exponent, Integer Division, and Modulus. All these R arithmetic operators are binary operators, which means they operate on two operands. The table below shows all the Arithmetic Operators in R Programming language with examples.

R Arithmetic Operators | Operation | Example |
---|---|---|

+ | Addition | 15 + 5 = 20 |

– | Subtraction | 15 – 5 = 10 |

* | Multiplication | 15 * 5 = 75 |

/ | Division | 15 / 5 = 3 |

%/% | Integer Division – Same as Division. but it returns the integer value by flooring the extra decimals | 16 %/% 3 = 5. If you divide 16 with 3 you get 5.333, but the Integer division operator trims the decimal values and outputs the integer |

^ | Exponent – It returns the Power of One variable against the other | 15 ^ 3 = 3375 (It means 15 Power 3 or 10^{3}). |

%% | Modulus – It returns the remainder after the division | 15 %% 5 = 0 (Here remainder is zero). If it is 17 %% 4, then result = 1. |

## R Arithmetic Operators Example

In this R Programming example, we are using two variables a and b, and their values are 16 and 3. Here, we are going to use these two variables to perform various arithmetic operations present in the R programming language

# Example for R Arithmetic Operators a <- 16 b <- 3 add <- a + b sub = a - b multi = a * b division = a / b Integer_Division = a %/% b exponent = a ^ b modulus = a %% b print(paste("Addition of two numbers 16 and 3 is : ", add)) print(paste("Subtracting Number 3 from 16 is : ", sub)) print(paste("Multiplication of two numbers 16 and 3 is : ", multi)) print(paste("Division of two numbers 16 and 3 is : ", division)) print(paste("Integer Division of two numbers 16 and 3 is : ", Integer_Division)) print(paste("Exponent of two numbers 16 and 3 is : ", exponent)) print(paste("Modulus of two numbers 16 and 3 is : ", modulus))

When we are using division ( / ) operator, the result is float or decimal value. If you want to display the output as an integer value by rounding the value, then use R Integer Division ( %/% ) operator. The following R Programming statement finds the exponent. It means 16 power 3 = 16 * 16 * 16 = 4096.

exponent = a ^ b